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Bijapur city, well known for historical monuments is the district headquarters of Bijapur district.
Bijapur City is popular for its monuments of architectural importance built during the rule of Adil Shahi dynasty.
The history of Bijapur city dates back to 10-11th centuries by Kalyanis Chalukyas and then this city was known as Vijaapura (city of Victory).
Bijapur is situated 606 meters above sea level.
Bijapur is rich in historical attractions, especially related to Islamic architecture. The important monuments of Bijapur include:
Gol Gumbaz: Gol Gumbaz is well known monument of Bijapur as well as Karnataka. Gol Gumbaz is second largest dome next to St Peter's Basilica in Rome. A special attraction in this popular monument is the central chamber, where every sound is echoed seven times. Another attraction at the this monument is the Whispering Gallery, where even minute sounds can be heard clearly 37 meters away.
Ibrahim Rauza: It is the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II (ruled 1580-1627), the fifth ruler of the dynasty and, similar to the Mughal ruler Akbar, recognized for religious tolerance. Constructed on just one rock bed, it really is renowned for the symmetry of its features. It is claimed of the fact that design of the Ibrahim Rauza served as a thought for that of the popular Taj Mahal at Agra.
Malik-e-Maidan: (The Monarch of Plains) the most important medieval big gun in the world. Being 4 meters lengthy, 1.5 meters in diameter as well as the weight is about 55 tons, this big gun was brought back from Ahmadnagar during the 17th century like a award of battle by 400 oxen, 10 elephants and tens of men. It had been positioned in the Sherza Burj (Lion Gate) over a platform particularly constructed for it. The gun's nozzle is designed into the form of the head of the Lion with open jaws and in the carved fangs is depicted an elephant being crushed to death. It is usually believed that after igniting the big gun, the gunner would stay underwater inside a tank of water in the platform avoiding the deafening explosion. The big gun remains very cool even in strong sunlight if tapped, tinkles similar to a bell. In 1854 the big gun was auctioned for Rs.150 however the auction was cancelled at the end.
Upli Buruj: Constructed around 1584 by Hyder Khan, can be an 80 feet high tower standing towards the north of Dakhani Idgah in Bijapur. This in fact is the spherical structure which has stone steps winding round the outside. Top of tower provides a superior scene of this city. Furthermore this is also often known as Hyder Burj, Upli Burj. On top of Upli Burj there are a couple of guns of giant size. The parafeet this tower that was utilized for checking purposes have been fenced currently. One must climb the round stairs to arrive at the top.
Chand Bawdi: Ali Adil Shah (1557-1580) constructed this tank close to eastern boundary of Bijapur. At the time there was large arrival of people into Bijapur when the fall of Vijayanagar empire, and new settlements arrived up inside the walled city raising the necessity for improved infrastructure and giving water supply. This is known for a storage capacity of 20 million liters. Later on it started to be a model for several other tanks built inside the city. A magnificence complex came up close to it, that was primarily used to accommodate the maintenance personnel although members of royal family rarely utilized it for recreation. Ali Adil Shah named this after his wife "Chand Bibi".
Asar Mahal: The Asar Mahal was constructed by Mohammed Adil Shah in around 1646, that was make use to operate as a Hall of Justice. The building was too utilized to stock hairs from the Prophet's beard. The rooms of the upper floor are adorned with frescoes and the front is graced with a square tank. At this juncture ladies usually are not permitted inside. Urs (festival) held here every year. The Asar Mahal is under preservation of Archeological Survey of India.
Gagan Mahal: the name indicates Sky Palace, was constructed with a 21-meter fašade and 4 wooden huge pillars, have a grand central arch. Sikandar Adil Shah, in silver chains, surrendered to Aurangzeb in 1681 at this place.
Bara Kaman: (Ali Roza-II) A tomb of Ali Roza constructed in 1672. Bara Kaman was formerly named as Ali Roza, however Shah Nawab Khan changed its name to Bara Kaman because this was the twelfth monument in his reign. Bara Kaman has currently seven arches plus the tomb containing the graves of Ali, his queens and eleven other females maybe belonging to the Zenana of the queens.
Amongst the many historical points of interest at Bijapur, some important ones are the Anand Mahal, Jod Gumbaz, Jumma Mosque, Sat Manzil, as well as Jal Manzil. In addition among old houses at Bijapur, the most popular is Elavia House ( Nauzer Elavia) that is over 100 years old.
Lord Shiva Statue: The 85 feet tall Shiva Statue has been installed by the T.K. Patil Banakatti Charitable Trust in Bijapur at Shivapur on Sindagi Road is slowly making as a pilgrimage location.1,500 tonnes statue of Lord Shiva is considered as the second largest statue of Lord Shiva in India and was prepared by sculptors from Shimoga for above 13 months plus the civilian design was supplied by Bangalore-situated architects.
Torvi Narasimha Temple: Torvi is located just 5 km from Bijapur. The Narasimha temple, that is constructed underground is very near to the Adil Shahi's Sangeeth mahal. Close to this temple, one more Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi can be found. The devotees of Bijapur have a trend to visit these temples on every Saturday.
Best Time to visit Bijapur is between October and March
Distance from Bijapur:
Bangalore: 528 Km
Mysore: 584 Km
Mangalore: 547 Km
Madikeri: 610 Km
Shimoga: 392 Km
Dharwad: 205 Km
Bagalkot: 90 Km
Bellary: 267 Km
How to reach Bijapur:
Nearest Airport: Belgaum
Nearest Railhead: Bijapur is connected with direct trains to Solapur, Bagalkot, Gadag, Dharwad, Bellary, Yeshwantpur (Bangalore), Hubli, Shirdi, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad.
Road: Bijapur is well connected by road network.
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