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Gulbarga also known as Kalburgi is situated in the northern part of Karnataka State. Earlier Gulbarga was ruled by Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, Yadavas of Devagiri and Hoysalas of Halebidu. The Kakatiya power was subdued in 1321 AD and the entire Deccan including the district of Gulbarga passed under the control of the Muslim Emperors of Delhi.
Gulbarga rose into importance during the early Bahmani period when the founder of this dynasty shifted his capital from Daulatabad. Gulbarga continued to be the capital of this kingdom till about 1,424 AD.
The climate of the district is generally dry and healthy with temperature ranging from 5 c to 45 c and an annual rainfall of about 750mm. Two main rivers, the Krishna and Bhima, flow in Gulbarga district. Shri Kshetra Gangapur and well known pilgrimage of God Shri Sadguru Dattarya is very close from Gulbarga.
PLACES OF INTEREST IN GULBARGA DISTRICT
Gulbarga was the capital of the Bahamani Kingdom which ruled this region. The Gulbarga fort was originally built by Raja Gulchand. It was later strengthened by Ala-ud-din Bahmani. Within the parapet of the fort, there is an imposing mosque, which resembles the great mosque of Cordona in Spain. Gulbarga Fort is a famous monument attracting large number of tourists.
Shri Kshetra Gangapur is about 38 km from Gulbarga. Shri Kshetra Gangapur is a well known pilgrimage of God Shri Sadguru Dattatreya. The rivers Bhima and Awarja joins here, and pilgrims who visit this place bathe here. The annual fair is held in February.
Shorapur is at a distance of 108 km from Gulbarga. Shorapur was formerly known as Surapur. Shorapur is a place with historical importance, Raja Venkatappa Naik, rebelled against the British in 1857. The Venugopla Swami Temple dedicated to Lord Krishna is found here. A fair is organized at this place, every year on the event of Sri Krishna Janmashtami.
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