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Madikeri or Mercara is the district headquarters of Kodagu (Coorg) district. Madikeri is situated at an elevation of 1525 meters. Madikeri is also called as the Scotland of India.
Madikeri was formerly known as Muddurajakeri. 'Muddurajakeri' which literally means the town of Mudduraja, It was named after the prominent Haleri king, Mudduraja who ruled Kodagu from 1633 - 1687.
History of Madikeri
The history of Madikeri is related to the history of Kodagu. The northern part of Kodagu was ruled by Kadamba rulers between 2nd and 6th century AD and the southern part of Kodagu was ruled by Gangas from 4th to 11th century. The Cholas fought against Gangas in 11th century and captured the Kodagu after defeating Gangas. Then Kodagu was ruled by Hoysalas in 12th century and by Vijayanagar rulers in the 14th century.
After their fall, the Palegars (local chieftain) started ruling their areas directly. These Palegars were defeated by the Haleri kings and ruled Kodagu from 1600 - 1834 AD. Haleri kings made the place Haleri as their capital, near Madikeri.
Mudduraja, the third king among the Haleri rulers built a fort at Madikeri in 1681. Hence, this place was named as Muddurajakeri which later called as Madikeri.
Madikeri, the Scotland of India
Madikeri lies in the Western Ghats and Madikeri is a one of the popular hill stations in Karnataka. Madikeri lies at an altitude of 1,170 meters above sea level. The temperature of Madikeri in summer is between 20 degrees and 30 degrees. The nearest cities are Mangalore to the West, and Mysore to the East.
Language: The main language of Madikeri is Kodava Takk while most of the people of Madikeri are bilingual in Kannada.
Raja's Seat: Raja's Seat is a small pavilion with a garden surrounding it; offering a view of the green valley below.
Madikeri Fort: This fort was initially built by Mudduraja. He also constructed a palace inside the fort. Madikeri fort was eventually renovated in granite by Tipu Sultan who named the site as Jaffarabad. In 1790, Doddavira Rajendra took control of the fort. The palace was then renovated by Lingarajendra Wodeyar II in 1812 - 1814.
Distance from Madikeri
Bangalore: 250 km
Mysore: 120 km
Mangalore: 135 km
Hassan: 110 km
How to get there:
Nearest Airport: Mangalore, Calicut (180 Km) and Bangalore
Nearest Railhead: Madikeri does not have a Railway station. Nearest railheads are Hassan, Kasaragod, Cannanore and Tellicherry. The other alternate Railheads are located at Mysore and Mangalore.
Road: Madikeri is well connected by road network. Madikeri lies on the Karnataka State Highway 88 that runs from Mysore to Mangalore.
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