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Pattadakal (also called as Pattadakallu in Kannada language) is located at a distance of 22 km from Badami, the capital of the Chalukya dynasty. Pattadakal is located on the banks of the river Malaprabha.
Pattadakal is well-known for the group of the 8th century monuments. The monuments at Pattadakal are listed in the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites. The distinctiveness of monuments at Pattadakal gains from the presence of both the Dravidian and the Nagara (Indo-Aryan) styles of temple architecture.
There are ten temples including a Jain sanctuary surrounded by many small shrines and plinths. Four temples are constructed in the Dravidian style, four in the Nagara style of Northern India and the Papanatha temple in mixed style.
Sangamesvara Temple: This temple was constructed by king Vijayaditya during the 8 century AD. The Sangamesvara Temple is dedicated to lord Siva is one of the best examples of the high architectural standards maintained by the Chaluykan architecture.
Virupaksha Temple: The Virupaksha temple was built by Queen Lokamahadevi in 745 to honor her husband's (Vikramaditya II) victory over the Pallavas of Kanchi. The temple is similar to the Kailashnatha temple in Kanchi. The Virupaksha temple is rich in sculptures like those of lingodbhava, Nataraja, Ravananugraha and Ugranarasimha.
Mallikarjuna Temple: The Mallikarjuna Temple is a smaller version of the Virupaksha temple and it was built by Vikramadiyta's second queen Trilokyamahadevi in 745.
Papanatha temple: The Papanatha temple was built in 680 in the vesara style of architecture. Initially, the temple was started in Nagara style but later changed to a Dravidian style. Sculptures at the Papanatha temple speak of scenes from the epics Ramayana and Mahabharatha.
Other major temples in Pattadakal include the Kadasiddheshvara Temple, Jambulings Temple, Galaganatha Temple, Chandrashekara Temple, Kashivishvanatha Temple and the Jain Temple, located on the Pattadakal - Badami Road.
The oldest of them all are the Mallikarjuna temple and the Virupaksha temple.
Every year during January or February, Pattadakal celebrates the annual dance festival popularly called as the Chalukya Utsava.
The nearby attractions include Aihole and Badami.
Distance from Pattadakal
Badami: 22 km
Aihole: 22 km
Belgaum: 205 km
Dabolim (Goa): 300 km
Bangalore: 500 km
How to get there:
Nearest Airport: Belgaum, Dabolim
Nearest Railhead: Badami
Road: Pattadakal is well connected by road to Bangalore and Mysore. Regular buses ply from Bijapur.
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